Lord Shanmukha and His Worship. Front Cover. Swami Sivananda people are saying – Write a review. We haven’t found any reviews in the usual places. Kartikeya (IAST: Kārttikēya), also known as Murugan, Skanda, Kumara, and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war. He is the son of Parvati and Shiva, brother of Ganesha, and a god whose life .. This has encouraged the worship of Murugan as a child-God, very similar to the worship of the child Krishna in north India. Lord Shanmukha and His Worship – The Divine Life Read more about skanda, siva, shanmukha, subrahmanya, devas and divine.

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The Indian religious culture promotes worshipping many gods believing that many events in this world have super physical causes controlled by many divinities. But, like the waters of different rivers streaming down to the same ocean, they all lead to you, the final attachment of all beings.

To satisfy the spiritual and religious practices of diversified Hindus of the country and unify them and to emphasize that all gods are but various depictions of Saguna BrahmaAdi Sankara provided ample scope and founded six ways of divine worship, called six-deity worship Shanmataas. In this practice, the divinities are worshipped not in their anthropomorphic forms, but in certain symbols in the form of small pieces of certain precious stones or rocks, and in the form of consecrated fire.

This method of worship might be considered an intermediate stage between the worship of Wnd with form and the worship of the formless, because the symbols of worship as rock formations have certainly a form but they are also formless at the same time. It is, as though, the devotee develops the mind to worship God from the stage of forms to that of formless. Now-a-days, wlrship devotees of Skanda constitute a big section of the people.

This article attempts to focus on the sixth school of worship, Skaandain which Lord Subrahmanyawho embodies andd the qualities of the gods and who is the synthesis of Eternal Reality, is worshipped. Lord Subrahmanya is worshipped by different names, like Skanda divine warriorKaartikeya of the Kittitas or PleiadesSubrahmanya effulgence of BrahmanSanat Kumara immortal princeSwami MasterMuraga beautiful oneShanmukha or Arumugha one who has six-facesSwaminatha One who taught his own fatherGuru Guha and so on.

He is worshipped as the king of serpents, too. Among the innumerable scriptural and other references of Lord Shanmukha, a few of them are as follows.

In Rig-Veda, The name Subrahmanya occurs several times as an invocation before the beginning of sacrificial rituals. Lord Subrahmanya is associated with the Vedic worshkp, Agni.

Kartikeya – Wikipedia

Rig-Veda speaks of Agni, the divine fire, as the youngest of the gods; he is the divine child known as Kumara. Kaartikeya is the son of Krittikaas. When the whole nature has been purified, the memory becomes firm.

And when the memory of the Highest Self remains firm, then all the ties which bind us to a belief in anything but the Self are loosened. They call Sanatkumaara Skanda, yea, Skanda they call him. May He enlighten us and lead us to be one with Him, Lord Skanda. The 13 th century Tamil poet is famous for his devotion to Skanda. The birth of Shanmukha is mysterious as he is begotten in a supernatural and extraordinary manner.

Skanda has the parentage of such major gods as Siva, Parvati, GangaAgni and others.

Lord Shanmukha and His Worship

The Divines wanted a marriage of Siva and Uma so that the war-God might be born to them and the demons Taaraka, Surapadma and Simhamukha might be killed. But Siva burnt him down to ashes by just a glance. Then Parvati Uma undertook a penance to seek the hand of the Lord and the divine marriage took place. But even shanmukga thousand years of the marriage, llrd conception took place. Finally it was deposited with the Fire-God Agni, but the latter, again, was unable to bear it.


Lord Siva asked Hid to pour the flaming energy into the bodies of those who were suffering from the cold of the winter. The wives of six of the saptarishis seven great sages who were trembling with cold after their early morning bath relaxed in the warmth of the Fire.

Arundhati, the wife of the sage Vasistha, thought it was not the right thing to do and so did not join the others.

From then on the six wives carried the burden.

Their husbands cursed them that they would become stars in the sky. That is how they became krittikaasconstellation Pleiades, away by light years. The Krittiikaas aborted their fetuses on the Himalaya Mountains. The holy river Ganga carried the fetuses to a shajmukha place, called the Sara Vana, which was covered with reeds. After some time, Lord Kartikeya also called Lorrd manifested Himself from those reeds. Since he was born to six mothers, he had six heads and hence called Shanmukha.

Lord Siva and Parvati went to the place where the child was born. They received him as their child and later appointed him the commander-in-chief.

Shanmukha killed the demons. He holds a spear, gifted by the Divine Mother, in His hand. His banner is the cock and vehicle Vaahana the peacock which stands clutching a serpent. His powers are called Sri Valli and Devasena. Adi Sankara says that the six main qualities of Godhead, namely, lordship, valor, fame, wealth, wisdom and detachment are signified by the six faces of Shanmukha, the six-faced one.

The six heads represent the six rays or the six attributes viz. Jnana wisdomVairagya dispassionBala strengthKirti fameSree wealth and Aishvarya divine powers. The six faces of the Lord confer the light of wisdom, grace, austerity, prowess, victory over evil, and love. The cumulative force which combined the forms of the five shanmujha elements pancha bhutaas of Siva manifested itself as a six fold divinity with six faces Shanmukha.

Lord Shanmukha is, thus, both unmanifest and manifest forms of the five gross elements. A spear vel in the hands of Lord Subrahmanya symbolizes His power to destroy the inner enemies of man, such as lust, greed, fear, anger, pride, and hatred. A blue peacock next to the Lord conveys the idea that man should be very delighted to know that he is shannmukha. It is interesting to see that Subrahmanya has for his vehicle a peacock, the enemy of snakes.

This portrayal is designed to take us above hatred. Sri Valli and Devasena are His two Divine consorts. U Ukara3. Thus, the six constituents of Pranava, the Omkara, are the sound manifestation of six faces of Shanmukha. God Subrahmanya is the preceptor who imparts the highest knowledge.

He gave divine wisdom to his own father, Siva. He is the effulgence of Brahma. Lord Subrahmanya is an embodiment of multifaceted knowledge Shanmukhi Pratibha. This knowledge is the ultimate of integral knowledge, meditating upon which intellectual growth of a seeker hjs initiated. Lord Siva is the unmanifest form of energy and His consort Parvati is the manifest form. Being born to the an, Lord Subrahmanya is the manifestation of the expanding energy of the union of the Siva and Parvati, pervading in all the six directions in the universe.

A normal human being goes through three experiences of the waking, dream and deep-sleep states of aorship. Waking state is the state of consciousness which man experiences when he is awake. The dream is the state of consciousness which he experiences when he is dreaming. The deep-sleep is dreamless sleep when he is experiencing a world of nothingness.

Beyond these three states is the state of An. Man is hardly aware of this state much less does he experience it. Nevertheless, that is man’s original and real state and his essential and infinite being.


This is the worsyip symbolized by Subrahmanya. The worship shanmukhq Lord Shanmukha is very common in South India. Almost every town in the Adn has its temple dedicated to Lord Shanmukha.

Lord Skanda is commonly worshipped to rid oneself of ailments relating to snakes. There is a strong tradition linking Skanda and Naaga Sarpa a serpent. The acharya says that ” sarpa svaruupa dhara ” a phrase from Muthuswami Dikshitar’s Subrahmanya Kriti refers to Subrahmanya as the Tirumala hill itself.

It is interesting to learn that wworship studies of human ans have revealed that the spermatozoon, which is vital in the formation of a zygote, has a structure of a serpent, while in motion.

Lord Subrahmanya is portrayed as Vedic fire by Vedas and he is worshipped in the form of consecrated fire in a yajna. Fire is the prime object of worship in a yajna. Sadaspati, who is dear to Indra, is believed to be Agni. He associates with fire and this association connotes the identity of Subrahmanya with Agni-Soma Agnisomaatmaka.

Full text of “Lord Shanmukha And His Worship”

Thus, Shanmukkha is identified as god of fire. The Fire-worship in a yajna, thus, might be considered to be a form of the sixth school of Shanmataasfounded by Adi Sankara. Yajna, the fire-worship, is an outer form of worship in which offerings are made to different deities in a prescribed and systematic manner, so that the gods invoked Indra, Varuna, Agni and others would bless the worshipper in achieving certain results in life.

Not all sacrifices need be performed and a number of them are meant to serve one specific purpose or another.

These are divided into three groups of seven, namely, pakayajnas, haviryajnas and somyajnas. Pakayajnas are minor sacrifices and are performed at home. Haviryajnas are more elaborate, though not so large in scale as the somayajnas. The outer aspect of yajna consists of building an altar, generally with bricks, kindling fire, using specific types of grass and wood and then pouring into wnd oblations.

The six heads and twelve hands of Lord Worshhip are symbolic of six ritus seasons and twelve months respectively, in Hindu calendar. Further, the symbolization of the hexagon or two crossed triangles with Shanmukha is significant as it is nothing but zodiacal representation in the astronomical connotation.

The lower triangle with vertex downwards is symbolic of Goddess Parvati and the triangle with its vertex upward is symbolic of Shiva. Wworship six temple Muruga pilgrimage, called Aarupadai Veedu, is accomplished by visiting the six holy places of Shanmukha in Tamil Nadu, namely, 1. It is believed that these places are symbolic of the shat-chakraas six lotuses in the human body and visiting these places stimulates the six chakraas in the body, namely, Mulaadhaara, Swaadhishtaana, Manipura, Anaahata, Vishudha and Ajna chakraa of the seeker.

From here, the seeker looks deeply into the mind to travel freely to any region of shanmumha in his true inner body and ultimately Jiva arrives in a state of perfect wisdom in the seventh chakra, Sahasraara.

Therefore, Lord Shanmukha is an incarnation of the ultimate transcendental Supreme Knowledge. Thus, roles taken by Lord Shanmukha are many, to grant boons to His devotees. Am a strong believer in the Supreme One. Must mention that my father held my hand when I was nine or ten years old, guided me to the worship place, the mandir at our home and assigned me the task of offering the regular prayers with prasad and jal that was followed in our house.