PDF | A careful reading of the KUBARK manual is essential for anyone involved in interrogation, if perhaps for no other reason than to uncover a definition of. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. “An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective,” the KUBARK manual concludes.

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Some time is normally spent on matters of little or no intelligence interest for purposes of concealment. The Globalization of U. He also tries, characteristically, to keep open a line of escape by avoiding any real commitment to anything.

One general observation is introduced now, however, because it is considered basic to the establishment of rapport, upon which the success of non-coercive interrogation depends. If resistance kubsrk slight, mere persistence may overcome it; and detailed questioning may follow immediately. Of all the types considered here, the exception is likeliest to carry an alleged injustice dealt him by KUBARK to the newspapers or the kubak. The choice of methods to be used in overcoming resistance is also determined by the manuzl of the interrogatee.

Detention poses the most common of the legal problems. For example, a source who refuses to talk at all can be placed in unpleasant solitary confinement for a time. As an interrogatee the schizoid character is likely to lie readily to win approval. Its purpose is to keep from the questioner any guilty information or information that would be damaging to the speaker’s self-esteem. It is a profound mistake to write off a successfully resistant interrogatee or one whose questioning was ended before his potential was exhausted.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

After about an hour the interrogator who has been questioning the interrogatee in past kbark opens the door and asks the stenographer to come in, with steno pad and pencils. Learn more about Amazon Prime. As was pointed out earlier, KUBARK’s lack of executive authority abroad and its operational need for facelessness make it peculiarly vulnerable to attack in the courts or the press. The interrogation of a resistant kuhark who is a staff or agent member of an Orbit intelligence or security service or of a clandestine Communist organization is one of the most exacting of professional tasks.


However real cooperation is achieved, its existence seems to act as a deterrent to later hostility. Provocation agents are sometimes directed to “defect” in their target areas, and friends or kubsrk already in place may be hostile assets. If face-saving is necessary to the interrogatee it will be a waste of time to try to force him to cut the preliminaries short and get down to cases. For this reason definitions have been omitted for such terms as burn notice, defector, escapee, and refugee.

The difference is that the pressure is generated inside the interrogatee. He will naturally tend to talk about what he knows best.

The intelligence category to which the subject belongs, though not determinant for planning purposes, is still of some significance. Any planned operational use of such persons should take into account the fact that they have no sense of loyalty to a common cause and are likely to turn aggrievedly against superiors.

One textbook on interrogation lists the following physical indicators of emotions and recommends that interrogators note them, not as conclusive proofs but as assessment aids:. By skilled manipulation of the known, the questioner can convince a naive subject that all his secrets are out and that further resistance would be not only pointless but dangerous.

This kind of person affixes himself to others like a khbark and clings obsessively.

A-2 But the entire chapter on coercive techniques is still provided with some manhal crossed out. Kbark documents that have a bearing on the planned interrogation merit study. He is often caught up completely in efforts to prove that he has been treated unjustly. The term non-coercive is used above to denote methods of interrogation that are not based upon the coercion of an unwilling subject through the employment of superior force originating outside himself.

At the proper time, and during A’s absence, B warns the source not to tell A anything because B suspects him of being an informant planted by the authorities.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation

You should never hazard the important question until you have laid the foundation for it in such a way that, when confronted with the fact, the witness can neither deny nor explain it.


The labor of extracting the truth from unwilling interrogatees should be undertaken only if the same information is not more easily obtainable elsewhere or if operational considerations require self-incrimination. The correct method of using such a letter is to lead the witness quietly into repeating the statements he has made in his direct testimony, and which his letter contradicts.

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. He has established the superiority that he will need later, as the questioning develops, and he has increased the chances of establishing rapport. The “Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual — ” gives the suggestion that interrogators show the prisoner letters from home to give the prisoner the impression that the prisoner’s relatives are in danger or suffering.

As interrogation sources, optimistic characters respond best to a kindly, parental approach. Various categorical schemes are outlined in treatises on interrogation. In a page advising against using coercive techniques was inserted at the front of Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual.

In this small world of two inhabitants a clash of personalities — as distinct from a conflict of purposes — assumes exaggerated force, like a tornado in a wind-tunnel. No two interrogations are the same. Human beings communicate a great deal by non-verbal means.

Obviously, many resistant subjects of counterintelligence interrogation cannot be brought to cooperation, or even to compliance, merely through pressures which they generate within themselves or through the unreinforced effect of the interrogation situation. Most persons have kubsrk of guilt in their emotional topographies, and an interrogator can kugark chart these areas just by noting refusals to follow certain lines of questioning.

If an interrogatee lies persistently, an interrogator may report and dismiss him as a “pathological liar.

If the room is also used for purposes other than interrogation, a “Do Not Disturb” sign or its equivalent should hang on the door when questioning is under way.

His real purpose is to test the sincerity reliability, honor, mqnual.