A Backward Classes Commission was appointed by the President of India on 29 January with Kaka Kaielkar as its chairman. The Commission was. on January 29, , the first Backward Classes Commision under the chairmanship of Shri. Kakasaheb Kalelkar. The Commission submitted its report on. Kaka kalelkar dattatreya balkrushna kalelkar, popularly known as kaka kalelkar, was a gandhian indian patriot. Report of the andaman and nicobar commission.

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Kaka Kalelkar Commission (Useful Notes)

The Commission was directed to determine the criteria to be adopted in considering whether any section of people should be treated as socially and coommission backward. It was also to prepare a list of such classes. The Commission was also directed to investigate the conditions of all such socially and educationally backward classes and the difficulties which they encountered in carrying out their work.

The Commission took two years to complete its work, and prepared a list of 2, castes and communities and suggested several measures for their social and economic development. Caste was taken as the key factor in making a list of backward classes.


The Commission thought that the problems of a caste- ridden society could be minimised by promotion of the socially and educationally backward classes. Though the Commission did not have adequate data on castes, yet it proposed reservation of at least 25 per cent in Class I, The Commission also recommended the formation of a separate ministry for the welfare of backward classes.

The position of a caste as higher and lower or superior and inferior was made as the basis. A caste as a whole commissionn considered backward.

Kalelkar Commission | Revolvy

The evils of the caste system could be attacked only by taking caste into account. However, the other view is ,alelkar individual and family should have been treated as the basis of backwardness. The Commission was aware of the fact that backwardness could be assessed by poverty, residence and occupation in addition to the criterion of caste.

It was felt that those members of the backward classes, who had reached a certain level of economic and educational advancement, should be declassified.

Individual and family would be the best units for judging backwardness because the criterion of caste was somewhat vague and was also against the principles of democracy as it kalelksr promoted caste and class distinctions.


commissin The Government of India rejected the recommendation of the Commission that caste be the basis for identifying economic and educational backwardness. The Centre asked the state governments to conduct surveys to identify members of the backward classes, and then to extend them all reasonable facilities. Inthe Centre decided not to draw up any list of the OBCs.

The states were advised to draw up their own lists using economic tests rather than going by caste. A number of states decided to use the criteria of occupation and income to classify backward groups. You must be logged in to post a comment.

Kaka Kalelkar Commission (Useful Notes)

Reservation for Backward Class. Definition and Problems of Tribal People. Essay on Backwardness in Indian States. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.