PDF | On Jan 1, , Samir Amr and others published Jabir ibn Hayyan. writer authoring books on philosophy, books. Jābir ibn Hayyan (also known by his Latinized name Geber, circa –) was a contemporary of the first Abbasids, who ruled circa – Find Jabir ibn Hayyan books online. Get the best Jabir ibn Hayyan books at our marketplace.

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Oboks works ascribed to Geber introduced improved laboratory equipment such as water baths, furnaces, and systems for filtration and distillation.

Dent,p. New Delhi His connections to the Barmakid cost him dearly in the end. In one of his works, Jabir relates that he cured a handmaid belonging to the household of Yahya ibn Khalid, a Barmecide, by administering a specially prepared potion.

Others note stylistic differences between Jabir’s work in Arabic, and the Latin works of Geber. Meri ; Jere L.

Some argue that one man could not have javir that much material even in a lifetime. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

He noted that boiling wine released a flammable vapor, thus paving the way to Al-Razi ‘s discovery of ethanol. Retrieved 11 February The sulfur-mercury theory is first recorded in a 7th-century work Secret of Creation credited falsely to Balinus Apollonius of Tyana.

According to this tradition, Jabir would have died only after the naming of the successor, Ali al-Rida, in Because his works rarely made overt sense, the term gibberish is believed to have originally referred to his writings Hauck, p.

Because his father had died supporting the Abbasids, Jabir was able to form a close association with the Barmecides, who acted as the caliph’s ministers. Others say his teacher was another Jafar, the Barmecide vizier Jafar ibn Yahya, who was put to death inby the ruler Harun al-Rashid.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Inthe historian Ahmad Y. It is therefore difficult, at best, for the modern reader to understand these works. In metals two of hauyan qualities were interior and two were exterior.

Jabir ibn Hayyan

Journal of Comparative Poetics. A problem which historians of chemistry have not yet succeeded in solving is whether these works are genuine or not. Minorsky, The Encyclopaedia of IslamVol. The works in Latin under the name of Geber include these important chemical processes Von Meyer, Kitab al-Kimya Kitab al-Sab’een Picatrix. The development of modern chemistry.

The Three Books on Alchemy by Geber, the Great Philosopher and Alchemist

Whether Jabir lived in the 8th century or not, his name would become the most famous in alchemy. Names, Natures and Things. There is a debate as to whether he was an Arab from Kufa who lived boiks Khurasan, or a Persian from Khorasan who later went to Kufa or whether he was, as some have suggested, of Syrian origin and later lived in Persia and Iraq”. The 14th century critic of Arabic literature, Jamal al-Din ibn Nubata al-Misri declares all the writings attributed to Jabir doubtful.

Islamic contributionspublished by O. Jabir’s family fled to Arabiawhere Jabir studied under the scholar Harbi al-Himyari. And Esoteric sciences “. ubn

Hqyyan historian Paul Kraus, who had studied most of Jabir’s extant works in Arabic and Latin, summarized the importance of Jabir to the history of chemistry by comparing his experimental and systematic works in chemistry with that of the allegorical and unintelligible works of the ancient Greek alchemists. The origins of the idea of chemical equivalents might be traced back to Jabir, in whose time it was recognized that “a certain haytan of acid is necessary in order to neutralize a given amount of base.

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Jamil; Ragep, Sally P. Jabir fled to Kufa, where he is said to have lived long enough to persuade the succeeding Caliph, Al-Ma’mun, to nominate a successor of Jabir’s choice.

What Booka meant by these recipes is unknown. In metals two of these qualities were interior and two were exterior.

GEBER [Jabir Ibn Hayyan]

His works seem to have been deliberately written in highly esoteric code see steganographyso that only those who had been initiated into his alchemical school could understand them. The general impression javir convey is that they are the product of an occidental rather than an oriental mind, and a likely guess would be that they were written by a European scholar, possibly in Moorish Spain. Retrieved 9 December To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.

That they are based on Muslim alchemical theory and practice is not questioned, but the same may be said of most Latin treatises on alchemy of that period; and from various turns of phrase it seems likely that their author could read Arabic.

Several technical Arabic terms introduced by Jabir, such as alkalihave found their way into various European languages and have become part of scientific vocabulary. The modern criticism of this body ibh work was begun by Berthelot in the late nineteenth century, and has continued to the present.

Imamology in Ismaili Gnosis. Retrieved 14 June His books strongly influenced the medieval European alchemists [39] and justified their search for the philosopher’s stone.