Herskovits New York. and to my colleagues on the Council’s sub -Committee on Acculturation. Dr. none the less hoped workers in other social sciences. is what. Similarly, Melville Herskovits, for a long time a missing figure in the annals of history of anthropology and one of the central protagonists of acculturation theory . MEMORANDUM FOR THE STUDY OF ACCULTURATION. Robert Redfield. University of Chicago Melville J. Herskovits. Northwestern University. Search for.

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Both series of studies emphasized the syncretic nature of acculturation situations that produced new cultures. Review of General Psychology. Acculturation scales should acculturatino altogether abandoned, as clearly no single scale can capture these processes.

Melville finished high school in Erie, Pennsylvania, in Herskovits on the contrary, believed that African roots are still alive in the African-American subculture. Their goal was equally to review the literature that had been published in the intervening period, as well as to update and advance the conceptualization of acculturation and to propose new research directions.

Advances in Theory, Measurement, and Applied Research. Acculturation theorists tried to build new ways of reconciling this emphasis on circulation and the demand for acculturaton observation. At the same time, seeing only universal acculturation processes is reductionist, acculturaiton, and misguided.

But here I will be more interested in some differences which are relevant to the wider globalist agenda. They noted that up to the time of their article, most immigrants to the U.

Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

Recent research has compared the acculturative processes of documented Mexican-American immigrants and undocumented Mexican-American immigrants and found significant differences in their experiences and levels of acculturative stress. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Redfield, Linton, and Herskovits continue by making important distinctions between acculturation, culture-change, assimilation, and diffusion.

He also served in the U. The University of Chicago Press. The impact of social, socio-psychological and migration-related factors”. It should also be noted that most individuals show variation in both their ideal and chosen acculturation strategies across different domains of their lives.


It is timely for anthropology to reassert its critical role in defining, conceptualizing and investigating the complex and dynamic processes of acculturation.

Although small, this group of studies of U. When individuals of a certain culture are exposed to another culture host that is primarily more present in the area that they live, some aspects of the host culture will likely be taken and blended within aspects of the original culture of the individuals.

Melville J. Herskovits

This is something usually presented as a novel way of doing fieldwork. Although these cultural changes may seem simple, the combined results are both robust and complex, impacting both groups and individuals from the original culture and the host culture. Acculturation is a complex process in a multicultural context that comprises both enculturation and assimilation. Most research seems to indicate that the integrationist model of acculturation will lead to the most favorable psychological outcomes [44] and marginalization to the least favorable.

In some communities, ethnic schools created by families and churches, provided not only reinforcement of their language and cultural practices, but also acted as buffers against broader societal discrimination against immigrants.

An Ethnography of Global Connection. As I will argue in more detail, the fact that acculturation theory may provide some interesting clues for current anthropological challenges does not mean that new analytical tools are not required if a more complex understanding of the current predicaments of globalization is to be achieved. Being the dominant mode of ethnographical research among early diffusionists, extensive survey presented a problem: Latinoshigher levels of adoption of the American host culture has been associated with negative hrskovits on health behaviors and outcomes, such as increased risk for depression and discrimination, and increased risk for low self-esteem.

“The past is a foreign country”? Acculturation theory and the anthropology of globalization

Migration, Assimilation and the Cultural Construction of Identity: These studies highlight the complexities of acculturative stress, the degree of herskovihs in health outcomes, and the need for specificity over generalizations when discussing potential or actual health outcomes.

Cultural and Institutional Crossings in the History of Anthropology. Accu,turation this group level, acculturation often results in changes to culture, religious practices, healthcare, and other social institutions.

The accepting group takes not only the cultural material and behaviors of accupturation donor group, but their inner values as well. At the same time, the historical dimensions of acculturation processes must be integrated into research, as the specificities are essential to understanding acculturation processes. The authors wish to thank Ms. On the one hand, as we have seen, the empowerment of African-Americans was the driving force behind his research.


Author manuscript; available in PMC Sep 1. These acculturation scales aimed at assessing the simultaneous and distinct involvement in the culture of origin and the host culture, and positioned individuals within a four-fold model of acculturation acculturstion Some Comments on the Study of Cultural Contact. Journal of Counseling Psychology.

In his article, Spiro made a compelling case for anthropology to take on the issue of the acculturation of U. These included a focus on the study of process, including a distinction between sociocultural and psychological processes. Acculturation Cultural appropriation Cultural area Cultural artifact Cultural baggage Cultural behavior Cultural bias Cultural capital Cross-cultural Cultural communication Cultural conflict Cultural cringe Cultural dissonance Cultural emphasis Cultural framework Cultural heritage Cultural icon Cultural identity Cultural industry Cultural invention Cultural landscape Accjlturation learning Cultural leveling Aacculturation memory Cultural pluralism Cultural practice Cultural property Cultural reproduction Cultural system Cultural technology Cultural universal Cultureme Enculturation High- and low-context cultures Interculturality Manuscript culture Material culture Non-material culture Organizational culture Print culture Protoculture Safety culture Technoculture Trans-cultural diffusion Transculturation Visual culture.

This is unfortunate, for while the definition now appears vague herskovigs somewhat poorly written, the substance of the Memo provides an excellent blueprint for research on acculturation. It represents a scientific, inductive attack on herskovit age-old philosophical problem, using fresh, cross-cultural data, hitherto not available to scholars, gained from the study of the underlying value-systems of societies having the most diverse customs.

Some anthropologists make a semantic distinction between group and individual levels of acculturation. But certain increasingly popular forms of tourism are also connected to forms of cultural contact based on the scenic preservation or reinvention of untouched authenticity.