Estrilda astrild. Citation. BirdLife International Estrilda astrild. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Identification record: Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) is a bird which belongs to the family of Estrildidés and the order of Passeriformes. Common Waxbill · Estrilda astrild · (Linnaeus, ). Order: PASSERIFORMES foreground recordings and background recordings of Estrilda astrild.

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During the nest building and solicitation astrile, both males and females may participate in stem displays to their mates — a form of display during which a stem is held in the beak. After pairing off, they separate from the larger flock and breed singly.

They can be tame and will enter gardens, parks and farmland. Estrilda astrild Linnaeus The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey.

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The common waxbill has a variety of twittering and buzzing calls and a distinctive high-pitched flight-call. The plumage of juveniles is duller than the adults, having little red on the underbelly, and no red on the bill. Nestlings have obvious white gape flanges along asrtild edges of their mouths. Wikispecies has information related to Estrilda astrild. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive.

From Wikipedia, the free estrilca.

Common Waxbill

During the evening they form an even rstrilda group for roosting. This relationship is harmful to the breeding success rate of common waxbills, but essential to the survival of zstrild whydahs. Similar species include the black-rumpedcrimson-rumped and black-lored waxbills. Despite its role as an invasive species, there are no reports showing that common waxbills will serve to displace native species.

Common waxbills are not a threatened species. Common waxbills inhabit open country with long grass and rank vegetation.


While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. The diet consists mainly of grass seeds but insects are also eaten on occasions, especially during the breeding season when more protein is needed. The nests of common waxbills are known host sites for pin-tailed whydahs Vidua macrouraa well known esteilda parasite.

Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) :: xeno-canto

Summer diets of some introduced Hawaiian finches. Esyrilda waxbills have different ecological roles eestrilda on their location. Both parents take part in incubating the eggs and feeding the chicks. To make the most of all of HBW’s features, discover our subscriptions now! Juveniles are duller with little or no red on the belly, fainter dark barring and a black bill. Reduced growth but not survival of chicks with altered gape patterns: Common waxbills live an average of 4 years in the wild.

A rudimentary second nest “cock’s nest” may be built on top where the male sleeps. In Cape Verde and Seychelles, for example, invasive common waxbill populations have been shown to have a destructive impact on the crops they consume.

Kunkel, ; Schuetz, b. aetrild

Biological Conservation Fauna Black-lored waxbills Estrilda nigriloriswas once considered a subspecies of common waxbills, but is now recognized as its own species.

Strong lateral movements with the tail are also used by both sexes during a number of different social encounters. There are about 17 subspecies distributed widely across much of Africa south of the Sahara. Song and display are both important aspects of courtship, and pair formation usually begins with a “curtsy” and song exchange between the two prospective mates.

Common waxbills build spherical nests out of dry grasses and keep them hidden in reeds close to the ground. They may also be found in a number of open mesic habitats such as farmlands and parks.


Tomato crops in Cape Verde are one documented case which Estrilda astrild populations had a directly negative impact. The bright red bill of the adult is the colour of astruld wax giving the bird its name.

They may possibly be native on some of these islands. Accessed December 31, at https: In Spain it has been introduced in the largest cities in the last ten years and is now quite commonly seen in Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia, as well as along the Spanish-Portuguese border.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Skip to main content. A high reproductive rate and ability to adapt to new food sources have allowed common waxbills to successfully naturalize in many of the areas to which it has been introduced. Ethiopian living in sub-Saharan Africa south of 30 degrees north and Madagascar.

Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild. However, there is very little information available on these subspecies. A model for range expansion of an introduced species: They breed and nest among reed beds, tall grasses, riverside vegetation, and dense bushy cover. In other words, Central and South America. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Both male and female common waxbills incubate and feed the helpless, altricial young.

The nest is a large ball of criss-crossed grass stems with a long downward-pointing entrance tube on one side. Estrilda astrild is a small grey-brown colored finch, distinguished by its red conical bill and face patch.

See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome.