Ergot and ergotism by G. Barger, , Gurney and Jackson edition, in English. 16 George Barger, Ergot and Ergotism: A monograph Based on the England Historic, Geneological Society (Boston: Samuel G. Drake, ). flour or grain used for example in bread or for brewing beer, the ergot alkaloids may lead to the hor- rible disease called Barger G () Ergot and Ergotism.
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First mention of Ergot 2. It was stated by Dodart  that ergot stops the milk secretion in nursing mothers ; this was not the case in convulsive ergotism, but Grunfeld abstracted modern Russian papers on the inhibition of milk secretion by ergot.
Rothlin of Basle for reading Chapter V. In two successive Novembers a toe was amputated. Rost of Berlin for Figs.
Est autem morbus hie tabificus, sub extenta liventi cute carnem ab ossibus separans et consumens, et mora temporis augmenta doloris et ardoris capiens, per singula momenta cogit miseros mori, et tamen desiderantibus mortem tantum remedium denegatur: For three to four weeks before death there was generally a severe colic.
Since I have adopted the use of this powder I have seldom found a case that detained me more than three houis. It is not clear whether one sex was more susceptible than the other, but if there was a difference, it was to the advantage of the female.
The reference to its obstetric use, in square brackets, was probably added in by Joachim Camerarius. At first regarded as new autevi adeo novus non cstthe disease cannot yet have been well known to the physicians of the time. Quo anno saeviit vehementer in Flandria sacer ignis, quam ignariam vocabant pestem ibid.
They do not refer to contemporary sources and such of these passages as I have been able to trace have not convinced me that they deal with ergotism. Organism Groups regotism more detailsmaize maize Subject Category: When Ncbel of Giessen described the epidemic in Hessen and gave very good evidence that ergot was the cause of the Kriebelkrankheit, Schleger  replied, without adducing additional experiments; in any case his doses of ergot were far too small.
In winnowed grain the average was 1 per cent.
This plant, Regot secalinus, seems also to have been abundant in Sweden. The exact cause of the disease remained as yet unknown and the Marburg faculty merely attributed it to bad food in general.
Convulsive ergotism in other countries. Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms see more detailsfeeding feeding Subject Category: Facta est haec translatio Sanctorum circa festivitatem Nativitatis perpetute Virginis Marire. This would seem to be the first recognition of the oxytocic action of ergot in a medical journal. Henceforth convulsive ergotism became well known in Germany, and the celebrated Friedrich Hoffmann of Halle collected most of the available knowledge in his Medicina rationalis systematica , although he did not himself observe any cases.
Gertrudis Ecclesiam orta est, usque ad vita; desperationem terruerat; tactus enim quisquam igne invisibili quacumque corporis parte, tamdiu sensibili tormento incomparabiliter ct irremediabiliter ardebat, quousque vel spiritum cum cruciatu, vel cruciatum cum ipso tacto membro amitteret.
Ergot and Ergotism.
In such cases there followed a pronounced anaesthesia of the skin, the lower limbs became paralysed, and the arms subject to violent jerky movements; epileptiform convulsions, delirium, imbecility, and loss of speech were apt to occur in such patients, who became unconscious and generally died on the third day after the onset of the first gy.
Organism Names see more detailsChordata chordata Subject Category: A feeling of intense heat alternated with one of icy cold. Department of Agriculture for Fig. The sufferers often seemed to be bewitched, or possessed by demons; their cries could be heard four or five houses off.
Hugh was a member of the Carthusian Order founded about the same time and in the same region as that of St Anthony and was called to England by Henry II. The association of thcriomorphic and anthropomorphic demons with corn has been studied by Mannhardt in his Roggcnwolf und Roggenhund  and Kornddmonen ; when the corn waved in the wind, the corn mother was said to pass through the field ; her children were the rye wolves and ergot was of her making.
In this dissertation p. Wichmann, in describing the state of the country round Celle, in Hanover, after the epidemic ofstates that the affected districts were barren sandy heaths, to which he applies the lines of Ovid.
The chief source of the vitamin to be considered is dairy produce, and with this even the poor peasantry of the Sologne seem to have been well supplied.
Out of patients more than died between September and March – About three-fifths of the patients were under 15 years of age. After the loss of a single limb the patients often made a good recovery and lived for many years, sometimes being attacked again in a second epidemic. The Ancients hardly knew rye; the Greeks were used to wheaten bread and objected to the black, malodorous product of Thrace and Macedonia Maurizio ; in classical Latin rye was called secale Pliny, lib.
It was regarded as a sign of the divine wrath for the breaking of the truce of God which, inter aharestricted fighting to Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays.
He calculated that the eight members together consumed grams of ergot in three weeks.
Ergot and ergotism. ( edition) | Open Library
The same year with a cold spring after a mild winter produced two other small outbreaks in Germany. The spasms might begin in the toes and then gradually extend upwards.
Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms see more detailstoxic substances toxic substances Subject Category: If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. In France, during the Middle Ages and in modern times, there was always much more rye than in England.
Ergot and ergotism.
This, the last, appears to be the sole reference in the chronicles, in which the fire is named after the Saint, and the association of the two must be inferred chiefly from what is known of the Abbey of St Anthony, especially from the description of the visit of Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln inquoted above.
By forty authors had reported on cases; of these were due to Ergotidm, to Chapman and Dewees of 1 hiladelphia and 57 to Prescott; thus the American material constituted nearly two-thirds of the total. It has, however, been recorded and in addition to the traditional assertions by stock owners that ergot will cause an animal to slip her foal or calf, Barger refers to American reports, which inter alia signalize and illustrate sloughing of the extremities.
The degenerated areas in man ergotksm in the dog are not identical. Much later Osiander, in his handbook of Midwifery of 1S30, in discussing the new drug ergot, says that it had long been known, particularly in Swabia, and that nearly forty years earlier therefore about the use of ergot had been forbidden to the midwives of the Palatinate.
Such recovery was, however, also observed in modern times; the chief virtue of the hospital h.barger have consisted in wholesome food. Fuchs and Fillers have collected a number-of such later doubtful printed references. Siemens relates that 11 victims of ergotism were received in an asylum in