Wikipedia. Instance of, disease, Designated intractable/rare diseases. Subclass of, hair disease, metal metabolism disorder. Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Menkes disease is caused by mutation in the gene encoding Cu(2+)-transporting ATPase .

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Category:Menkes disease – Wikimedia Commons

Isolation of a candidate gene for Menkes disease that encodes a potential heavy metal binding protein. One of the patients had a positive family history suggesting that he was liable to the severe form, but the possibility of intrafamilial clinical variation could not be excluded.

The diagnosis was confirmed by findings of low levels of serum copper and ceruloplasmin with increased copper uptake in cultured fibroblasts. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol ; In the small intestines, the ATP7A protein helps control the absorption of copper from food. A sex-linked recessive disorder with retardation of growth, peculiar hair and focal cerebral and cerebellar degeneration.

The investigation disclosed pilli torti and thrycorrexis nodosa in the hair, low serum enfeermedad of both copper and ceruloplasmin, brain magnetic resonance study showed atrophy and white matter hypointensities on T1-weighted images, electroencephalogram reveals moderate background activity disorganization and epileptiform activity, and muscle biopsy with type 2 fiber atrophy. Degeneration of the cerebellar system in X-chromosome-linked malabsorption.


Primary defect in copper transport underlies mottled mutants in the mouse. Expert curators review the literature and organize it to facilitate your work. The report indicated enfermeda females with Menkes disease can have significant manifestations of the disorder.

The authors hypothesized that function of the ATP7A gene had been disrupted by the translocation, either by a structural disruption or by ‘silencing’ as a result of inappropriate localized inactivation in an otherwise active X;13 derivative chromosome. After 5 moths a new MRI study disclosed diffuse brain atrophy, dural thickening and large subdural and epidural collections, suggestive of chronic blood clots in different stages Fig 2B.

Category:Menkes disease

Physical examination showed a pale, hydrated boy, somewhat little active, tough reactive to examination, with bilateral inguinal hernias. Distinctive Menkes disease variant with occipital horns: CC ]. A sex-linked disorder with mental and physical retardation characterized by cerebrocortical atrophy and increase of glutamic acid in the cerebrospinal fluid. A survey of Japanese patients with Menkes disease from to Except for a few cases, gross gene deletions resulted in a classic form of Menkes disease with death in early childhood.

Fundoscopic images were normal. Working with DNA from the cells from the patient with the translocation t 2;X reported by Kapur et al. Early diagnosis is uncommon, as the first signs can be somewhat unspecific, with more prominent features like the unique hair abnormalities developing over time, sometimes at the same time as neurological compromise Centromeric heteromorphism was used as the ‘marker trait.


Identification and analysis of 21 novel disease-causing amino acid substitutions in the conserved part of ATP7A.

Inborn error of metal metabolism E83 Age of onset, pattern of distribution, and histology of aneurysm development in a genetically predisposed mouse model.

Enfermedax aneurysms occurred in the ascending aorta, with some also present in the descending thoracic and abdominal segments. Menkes kinky hair disease: The occipital horn syndrome is caused by mutation in the same gene.

Copper toxicity Wilson’s disease. Atypical Menkes steely hair disease. The investigation showed cerebrospinal fluid, red and white blood cell count, platelet count, sodium, potassium, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-GT, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, creatine kinase, bilirubins, lactate, albumin, thyroid hormones and panel for inborn metabolic errors all normal.

Male mice with the Mottled-Brindled allele accumulate copper in the intestine, fail to export copper to peripheral organs, and die a few weeks enffrmedad birth. Hair appears strikingly peculiar: Ascorbic acid oxidase is copper-dependent. Suppression by copper supplementation”. A genetic counselor may have useful advice. Using sequences from exon 10 fused to a non-Golgi reporter molecule, Francis et al.

However, in those patients in late stages of MD mitochondrial compromise oxidase c cytochrome complex ragged red fibers can be found, similar to those found in mitochondrial myopathies 18,