Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler / Georg Lukács ; [traducción de Wenceslao Roces] Edición 1ª ed. en español. Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Georg lukács. el asalto a la razón. la trayectoria del irracionalismo de schelling a hitler. Compra, venta .
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In the first place, Nietzsche was never more than a social Darwinist in the aforesaid sense of the lla. We regard this discussion rrazon idle for two reasons. All Becoming is within the cycle and mass. And the aggressive tone, the offensive luoacs in each individual instance barely disguises this underlying structure. Like those sections of society at whom his work was aimed, Nietzsche himself was principally concerned with cultural problems, notably art and individual morality.
With Nietzsche this question is completely reversed. Here Nietzsche was a direct forerunner of the Hitlerian view. Now that we have presented the sharp contrast between Nietzsche and the ordinary direct apologists of capitalism, we must briefly remark on the methods they shared in connection with Darwinism. From the start he had toyed with a mythicizing of history, whereas his master had totally avoided history. Eel method itself, of course, came into being tazon before him.
Questions which play a decisive part in, for instance, neo-Kantian thought, such as those of legality and morality, never even occur in his work. So the systematic framework has not disappeared. The level of the species is not being raised. But the significance of Nietzschean epistemology as a structural tool for the systematic articulation of his thoughts exceeds this single instance, central though it is.
In the preparatory writings for The Will to Power even the materialist Democritus has to testify to Nietzschean irrationalism.
Higher types may well be reached, but they are not enduring.
Here his opposition to the revolutionary traditions of bourgeois development is quite plainly perceptible. JahrhundertsBerlinpp. The clash of class interests between bourgeoisie and proletariat in particular was disappearing from these treatises, and doing so to precisely the degree that aalto was moving towards the centre of social events in objective reality.
In this light the romantic dream of a culturally highly-developed ruling stratum, representing at the same time an indispensable barbarity, takes on a special colouring. Since this was a case of mistaking criticism from the Asaoto for criticism from the Razn, our concrete treatment of the Nietzsche-Bismarck relationship will tacitly answer this question to the effect that he always criticized Bismarck from a Right-wing standpoint, and considered Bismarck to be not decidedly enough the imperialist reactionary.
Lukacs. El asalto a la Razón..pdf
In the first place, the union of ultra-refinement and brutality was by no means a personal quirk requiring psychological elucidation, but a universal, psychical-moral distinguishing mark of imperialist decadence. It implied an active rejection of the chief enemy, namely the working class and socialism.
The third thesis includes nothing that asaltoo especially new for us. Nietzsche proceeded resolutely from this distortion, lukcas manifested itself in his age as world-weariness, pessimism, nihilism, dissipation, lack of self-belief, lack of perspectives and so on.
Lukacs. El asalto a la – Free Download PDF
For the State to exercise jurisdiction is cowardice, because it lacks the great man who can serve as a criterion. Their validity, however, is extremely limited. Du Hast Es Besser: Its occurrence razoj the bond between the bourgeoisie and the reactionary classes, and its outcome sealed the fate of every democratic revolution of the period.
Occupying a special position in this development, Nietzsche carried religious atheism far beyond the Schopenhauerian stage. From the objective, social angle, there had of course been a morality of the class struggle in bourgeois ideology from the beginning.
But an open mythicizing of the natural sciences on this basis — as in the theory of the free will of atomic particles — is, after all, a product of a far more advanced irrationalist subversion of scientific thinking. Although backward-looking inferences inevitably resulted from their critique, which was only partially accurate, their correct critical observations are of significance in the history asalro philosophy nonetheless.
Nietzsche took over from Feuerbach the weakest, most ideological side of his philosophizing: Here, too, he drew all the inferences of lukacx and of the relativism succeeding it earlier and more radically than his contemporaries.
But in his opinion, it was precisely these decadent attributes which would provide the right material for the new lords of the earth. As early as the Joyful Science he treated Darwinism with irony on account of its plebeianness: Firstly, in the domain of home affairs Nietzsche called for a determined break with the semblance of a democracy and with that form of demagogic flirting with democracy, that is to say parliamentarianism, which Bismarck represented.
These latter names apart, the period between and was rife with significant transitional figures who, while their work does reflect features of the decline, were in no wise party to it with regard to the central substance of their output e.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
The epistemological appeal to adopt the most extreme irrationalism, to deny completely all knowability of the world and all reason, coupled with a moral appeal to all the bestial and barbaric instincts, is an — unconscious — admission of this position. With Nietzsche, however, the task was far simpler: Jaspers concedes as much even for the philosophical classics with which Nietzsche was in vigorous dispute throughout his life.
Tanto Hobbes como Spinoza y Fromm hicieron importantes reflexiones al respeto. For him epistemology was only a tool whose character and disposition were dictated by the purposes it served. Sign in Create an account.