Dla Schmitta polityczność jest zbudowana na fundamencie . Carl Schmitt, Pojęcie polityczności, w: Teologia polityczna i inne pisma, wyd. 9 Cf. Carl Schmitt, Rzymski katolicyzm i polityczna forma (original title: Römischer Katholizismus und politische Form), in Teologia polityczna i inne pisma (Znak. najbardziej zawikłanych kontrowersji, jest teologia polityczna. źć można echa jakiegoś dogmatu teologii (C. Schmitt , rozdz. 3)’. Dyktatura, na przykład.

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Nevertheless, a deeper look into the legal and political sphere of the Union and the dynamics of European integration reveals the inapplicability of such an approach to the motto of unity in diversity. Essential directions for this are provided, not only politycznz the cited provisions of primary legislation, but also by the history of European integration process.

In the case of the Church, as indicated above, these include the integral Christian message and, actually inherent to it, communion with the universal Church. Return to Book Page. Finally, let us raise the issue of the different ways in which public authorities of the Member States are organised, and therefore, c.cshmitt the respect for different political systems and constitutional traditions.

However, only after a long search could we find any work in this large literature to seriously come to grips with the relationship between the Christian thought and European integration. But a strong case has been made that Schmitt’s anti-liberal jurisprudence, as well as his fervent anti-semitism, disposed him to support the Nazi regime Dyzenhaus85—; Scheuerman Barbara Skarga, the Polish philosopher, may be quoted: We could observe it politgczna a recent case: From the substantial point of view, it may be found that both in the case of the Union and the Church, the principle of unity in diversity derives from a concept of collective identity that proposes a way of discharging the tension between universality and particularity with the aim of discovering and highlighting a universal dimension of particular traditions and searching for unity on this basis.

Such an understanding of the right to marry, rooted in the principle of flexibility, tries to eliminate potential axiological-rooted conflicts in the EU. WAM on the role of religion within European integration process. Activity in these fields — manifest in official addresses to European politicians, informal meetings, and finally, a genuine lobbying for tangible systemic solutions — although devoid of the power of political decisions, has undoubtedly strengthened the transmission of the ecclesial model to European politics.


The fact that the only necessary condition of Article 49 of the TEU for EU—membership application is respect for European principles is a meaningful expression of this case. Nevertheless, in deeper analysis, it is worthy to note that unity in diversity evokes completely different inbe in Christians and especially in Catholics — namely, those of the fundamental ecclesial experience: Secondly, if essential similarities are found, then the channels through which the ecclesial model has been transferred into European politics should be considered.

Schuman Robert, Dla Europy original title: Therefore, the first conclusion to be drawn from this analysis would suggest a redefinition of po,ityczna framework conditions of discussion on European identity.

Ecclesia in Africaat http: It is worthy to mention 4 Joseph H.

Teologia polityczna i inne pisma – Carl Schmitt – Google Books

For example, this is clearly indicated by — with reference to the EMU — the construction of Article of the EC Treaty, which provides for a review of a derogation every two years by the Council. The problem is that this should not be surprising in the framework of European legal tradition, according to which moral norms result not from the adopted law, but on the contrary, they are foundation of the law created by man.

The reflection on the cultural roots of unity in diversity should not overlook the importance of evangelisation for the condition of Europe’s cultural identity.

Among his research interest are relations between religion and politics, the European integration process, political anthropology. There is a vast literature, not only scientific, on the topic of European—integration process. Ott Andrea, Unity in Diversity? But where do its ipsma lie? As a result, it must be stated that Christianity comes to be the ideological foundation that brought the notion of unity in diversity into the heart of European culture.

Their association should not head towards homogenisation.

Europe is not a continent that may be contained in geographical terms. Buttiglione Rocco, Merecki J. As it is stated in Legal Explanations to CFR, the wording of the Article has been modernised to cover cases in which national legislation recognises arrangements other than marriage for founding a family.

It also seems that any inconsistency in the law and practice of the European Union regarding the normative meaning of this model may be comprehensible from the perspective of the Church’s experience — in which case the assimilation of the normative meaning has lasted, sensu stricte, for ages.


However, present—day researchers of the relationships between religion and politics indicate that the ecclesial reflection may influence political relations not only on the metapolitical level. Which also explains why, as the integration progresses, the motto of unity in diversity, currently relevant as a Union’s identity symbol, may become outdated or change its meaning, for example, towards a multicultural interpretation that is currently inapplicable.

At the turn of the 3rd Millennium a competition was held, in cooperation with the European Parliament, to work out a Union’s motto. In light of these solutions, it seems evident that the Treaty regards cultural diversity as a European value and a Community policy goal, leaving the development of culture in the province of national activity.

Lewiatan w teorii państwa Thomasa Hobbesa by Carl Schmitt (1 star ratings)

This difference notwithstanding, the semantic structure of unity in diversity in the European Union and in the Church remains similar, which opens the way to identifying the channels of transmission of the ecclesial model to the political space.

First, at least for Western Christianity, the Catholic Church seems to be the piema representative, as it follows the tradition of Christian unity in diversity: Want to Read saving…. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Schmitt Carl, Politische Theologie.

But Schmitt was ousted from his position of power within legal academia inafter infighting with posma competitors who viewed Schmitt as a turncoat who had converted to Nazism only to advance his career. Two Conclusions for European Integration The analysis carried out shows that there is a legitimate view that the EU has derived the model of unity in diversity from the Church’s experience.

Lewiatan w teorii państwa Thomasa Hobbesa

Nevertheless, current solutions concerning respect for cultural diversity and national identities, and particular attention to common values demonstrate that Union’s political elites have translated in a natural way — making any modifications necessitated by polituczna differences — the ecclesial model of unity into the political realm. Such an assumption, or — from the functional point of view — axiom, is currently characteristic not only of political discourse, but also of scientific tteologia about politics.

It is a cultural and historical notion. The author can be reached at: