Kathryn M. Connor, M.D.,n and Jonathan R.T. Davidson, M.D. Resilience scale (CD-RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a 5-point scale. (0–4), with. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was created to address aspects of resilience and for use in clinical practice. Resilience is considered as the. We describe a new rating scale to assess resilience. The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a.

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A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1 1 Positive youth development in the United States: Additionally, they hypothesized that postdeployment social support would mediate the relationship between PTSD connordavidson depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning. Bezdjian and colleagues used the CD-RISC to examine the relationship between resilience and 6-month unsuitability attrition i. Existing scales of resilience were considered inadequate because they lacked generalizability.

Because of this, the conclusions drawn cannot be applied to these populations. resiliencee

The scale demonstrated good psychometric properties and factor analysis yielded five factors. History, efficacy and links to moral and character education. Because of the discrepancies in these findings surrounding factor structure, the subscales of the original CD-RISC are not recommended to be used alone.

How is resilience associated with anxiety and depression? Depression cx-risc Anxiety, 18 2 Resilience in the operating room: Journal of Affective Disorders, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 71 7 A means of testing human resilience. Zeitschrift Fur Gesundheitpsychologie, Compared to the control group, the cancer patients who reported higher levels of resilience also reported comparable levels of clnnor-davidson well-being, even though on average cancer patients reported more depression, anxiety, negative affect, and less happiness.


Since resilience is most often associated with the experience of trauma, exploring the concept within the military population has become a popular topic of interest. Articles with short description Orphaned articles from May All orphaned articles. Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: It assessed resilience in members of the general population as well as patients with Post-traumatic Stress Disorderdepressionand anxiety.

Kobasa [2] and M. The scale demonstrates that resilience is modifiable and can improve with treatment, with greater improvement corresponding to higher levels of global improvement. Davidson as a means of assessing resilience.

Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale

Service members diagnosed with a mental disorder at 6 months of service had also connor-davidson lower levels of resilience at basic training as compared to those who were not diagnosed with a mental disorder. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 59, Copyright Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52, Combat sczle includes engaging in enemy fire, witnessing the injury or death of another person, or being in danger oneself. Therefore, the concept of resilience and the item CD-RISC measure can be applied to the general population, not just those who have experienced trauma. The CD-RISC was used to study resilience in patients suffering from end-stage liver disease and waiting for liver transplantation.

The scale was administered to subjects in the following groups: Resilience in organ transplantation: There were limitations to this analysis. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20, The individual items are as follows table adapted from Connor and Davidson [1]:. These groups included a community sample, primary care outpatients, general psychiatric outpatients, a clinical trial of generalized anxiety disorderand two clinical trials of PTSD.

An inquiry into hardiness.

Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC).

Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support.


Protective factors and resistance to psychiatric disorders. For example, Factor 5 spiritual influences only has two items that support it.

Another study used the original item CD-RISC to look at the relationship between resilience and the emotional response of women experiencing a diagnosis of breast cancer and breast cancer surgery.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale among Chinese adolescents. It was hypothesized that resilience would act as a moderator between trauma exposure and PTSD diagnosis connor-dvaidson that higher levels of resilience would be associated with more positive psychological outcomes.

Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43 12 They used exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis to justify these deletions.

Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC).

However, the authors explain that resilience can be applied to more moderate levels of stress. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9, They deleted items that, theoretically, would make sense to include in a measure of resilience but that did not carry enough statistical weight to still be included e. Quality of Life Research, 25 1 Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43, Cross-cultural validity of the Connor-Davidson Scale: Stressful life events, personality, and health: