Scientific name, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Taxonomy navigation. Up › Brassica oleracea. Down Terminal (leaf) node. Common name, Brussel sprouts. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) as its name suggests, originated in Belgium, probably near Brussels. Although Brussels sprouts were.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although native to the Mediterranean region with other cabbage species, Brussels sprouts first appeared in northern Europe during the fifth century, later being cultivated in the 13th century near Brussels, from which they derived their name.

Views Read Edit View history. With the advent of agriculture and the domestication of wild crop plants, the people of the northern Mediterranean began cultivating wild cabbage.

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Their woody stalks are sometimes dried and made into brsssica sticks. Sprouts are ready to be picked four to five months after transplanting.

Pin It on Pinterest. Once cut and cleaned, the buds are typically cooked by boiling, steaming, stir frying, grilling, slow cookingor roasting.

Sprouts can be left on plant in mild winter, and harvested when needed. Any surplus stem gemmifera cut away, and any loose surface leaves are peeled and discarded. Brussels sprouts can be pickled as an alternative to cooking them. This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat Archived from the original on To ensure even cooking throughout, buds of a similar size are usually chosen. The plant requires well-drained, medium to heavy clay soils that have been well prepared with large quantities of general fertilizer, manure and compost.


In one reported incident, eating too many Brussels sprouts precipitated hospitalization for an individual on oleraceea therapy.

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Forerunners to modern Brussels sprouts were probably cultivated in Ancient Rome. Consuming Brussels sprouts in excess may not be suitable for patients taking anticoagulantssuch as warfarinsince they contain vitamin K, a blood-clotting factor.

In the home garden, harvest can be delayed as quality does not suffer from freezing. Researchers believe it has been cultivated for several thousand years, but its history as a domesticated plant is not clear before Greek and Roman times, when it was a well-established garden vegetable.

Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Maintenance Feed the plants brasxica nitrogen fertilizer once a month. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. And yet, the humble radish Raphanus […].

This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat Currently, several thousand acres are planted in coastal areas of San MateoSanta Cruzand Monterey counties of Californiawhich offer an ideal combination of coastal fog and cool temperatures year-round. Proudly powered by WordPress.

This section needs additional citations for verification. View December 20, The problem is compounded since human bodies are not equipped with the enzymes to break down some of these compounds. Brussels sprouts as they are now known were grown possibly as early as the 13th century in what is now Belgium. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brassica oleracea var. Sow seeds from mid- to late summer in seed trays and transplant seedlings.

Sow every four weeks to prolong the harvest. View December 23, Dr M Goes Wild. Can tolerate much lower temperatures than other cabbage crops. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.


The British have a strange love-hate oleracra with the Brussels sprout, purchasing million of them during the week before Christmas and then boiling them to an inedible mush!

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Brassica oleracea Wild cabbage plants Scientific classification Kingdom: They are grown for cabbage like sprouts that develop above the leaves on the stems.

But why does the sprout cause such silent but deadly, or not genmifera silent but equally deadly, Christmas nights? Brussels sprouts, as with broccoli and other brassicascontain sulforaphanea phytochemical under basic research for its potential biological properties.

Night of the Radishes Culham Research Group. Although boiling reduces the level of sulforaphane, neither steaming, microwave cooking, nor stir frying cause a significant loss.

Brussels sprout – Wikipedia

Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivarsincluding cabbagebroccolicauliflowerkaleBrussels sproutscollard greenssavoykohlrabigemmidera gai lan.

The cabbage has been around for millennia — earliest records of cultivated cabbages are to be found in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome and date from around BC, but in contrast, the sprout is a recent invention. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable gemmifega.

Sugar Culham Research Group. In places such as the Channel Islands and Canary Islandswhere the frost is minimal and plants gemmiffera thus freed from seasonality, some cultivars, known as Jersey cabbagescan grow up to 3 m tall.