Means of reducing and controlling weld distortion are described, covering b) tack weld one end, then use back-step technique for tacking the rest of the joint. It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. Backstep welding is a technique to avoid distortion while welding on thin sheets. This technique involves a continual stalling of the forward travel motion by traveling backwards slightly, into the previous deposited weld. This technique has two.

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But these are some of the more common ones that you can practice in addition to the ones above. Basically, a tack weld is used to maintain stability of your metal as you weld. Killer Welding Projects Vol.

Remove shrinkage forces after welding Peening is one way to counteract the shrinkage forces of a weld bead as it backsttep. Distortion is troublesome for a number of reasons, but one of the most critical is the potential creation of a weld that is not structurally sound. All times are GMT If restrained, as in bduring heating, it can expand only in the vertical direction – become thicker.

Back step welding

The chart below includes all 8 techniques above plus two more the V and the upside down V which can be used uphill. You use this motion to make cover welds over stringer beads multipass welding.

But as the heat moves out across the plate to C, expansion along outer edges CD brings the plates back together. Shrinkage cannot be prevented, but it can be controlled. The illustration below is a good exampled of how a staggered weld works. The first weld you learned is a string bead which is a continuous weld in a straight line. Both design of the weldment and welding sequence can be used effectively to control distortion.


Clamps, jigs, and fixtures that lock parts into a desired position and hold them until welding is finished are probably the techniqke widely used means for controlling distortion in small assemblies or components.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Other Techniques for Distortion Control. This site uses cookies. If there is too little heat input there is poor penetration. Shrinkage Wekding – What You Can Do to Minimize Distortion To prevent or minimize weld distortion, methods must be used both in design and during welding to overcome the effects of the heating and cooling cycle. Skip to content Distortion in a weld results from the expansion and contraction of the weld metal and adjacent base metal during the heating and cooling cycle of the welding process.

Build A Chopper Frame. Generally, peening is not permitted on the final pass, because of techinque possibility of backwtep a crack and interfering with inspection, and because of the undesirable work-hardening effect.

Make a short pause when you weave to avoid undercutting and achieve quality fusion of your material. Copper tubes are brazed or soldered to copper holding clamps, and the water is circulated through the tubes during welding. In heavy weldments, particularly, the rigidity of the members and their arrangement relative to each other may provide the balancing forces needed. For example, as the temperature of the weld area increases, yield strength, elasticity, and thermal conductivity of the steel plate decrease, while thermal expansion and specific heat increase Fig.

Do not overweld Control fitup Use intermittent welds where possible and consistent with design requirements Use the smallest leg size permissible when fillet welding For groove welds, use joints that will minimize the volume of weld metal.

The welding process used, type and size of electrode, welding current, and speed of travel, thus, affect the degree of shrinkage and distortion of a weldment.

In general, if distortion is not a problem, select the most economical joint. When you are welding thick plate you are going to need to make more than just one stringer bead weld to fill the gap and make it strong.


You are teechnique using your Facebook account. But one of the main culprits is heat input. A weld with approximately the same size produced with a process operating at amp, 35 volts, and 8 ipm requires 81, joules per linear techniqur.

Correctly sizing a weld for the requirements of the joint not only minimizes distortion, but also saves weld metal tecnnique time. Email required Address never made public.

The amount of weld metal in a fillet weld can be minimized by the use of a flat or slightly convex bead, and in a butt joint by proper edge preparation and fitup. Backstepping may not be effective in all applications, and it cannot be used economically in automatic welding.

Back step welding | weldknowledge

When welding heavy plate over 1 backsteo thick bevelling or even double bevelling can save a substantial amount of weld metal which translates into much less distortion automatically. Notify me of new comments via email. The top of the weld groove – which will contain the bulk of the weld metal – is lengthened when the plates are preset. If you are going to do a fillet weld on a tee joint and it’s. This separation is most pronounced as the first bead is laid. Thus these two welds are most likely not backstdp same size.

Distortion is basically when your metal warps. However, if you are slow you may cause to much heat input. You can use this technique in all positions.