Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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These lenses are typically available in 12 addition powers per eye, in desigb to a dozen materials, resulting in hundreds of lens blanks for each base curve offered.

Essentially, the form was chosen such that the astigmatism produced at the two surfaces canceled each other out. As a consequence, there are two different refractive powers at orientations perpendicular to each other.

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edsign He referred to his lens experimental series as “periscopic,” meaning “look deesign. It is possible, however, to eliminate the power errors associated with both the sphere power and cylinder power meridians of sphero-cylindrical lenses using a non-rotationally-symmetrical surface in which the asphericity varies from meridian to meridian.

However, the principal impetus behind lens form selection is optical performance. Today, aspheric surfaces are mainly used to allow lens designers to produce flatter, thinner lenses with the superior optical performance of the steeper corrected curve, or best form, lenses. This will compensate for the astigmatic aberration of the eye.


Toric lens

The image of the object point is no longer focused to a single pointbut rather separated into two focal lines instead. This represents a tangential error of 5. A lens free from distortion exhibits orthoscopy or no distortion.

Aspheric Lenses Archived at the Wayback Machine. Describe and define free-form technology as used in progressive lenses. Tshcerning’s ellipse indicates the optimum spherical base or front curve to use for each lens power in order to reduce or eliminate lens aberrations. For example, consider a prescription of For instance, the designer may choose to minimize power errors out to a certain point and then exaggerate asphericity to improve cosmesis beyond that point.

A lens that is entirely free of oblique astigmatism will generally have a small amount of residual power error remaining, and vice versa.

The optical effects of lens aberrations are exacerbated in progressive lenses. Power error is an aberration that results from the difference in focus between the Petzval surface PS and the far-point sphere FPS of the desiyn.

Lens aberrations manifest themselves as departures from the desired prescription.

If the corridor is too long for a given frame size, reading utility is greatly reduced, since the near zone is essentially cut away. As the eye rotates vertically and horizontally behind the lens, the far-point moves with the eye at a fixed distance from its center of rotation C.

However, changes in the spectacle prescription will also create unavoidable perceptual differences. The focal power of the lens is prescribed to produce a focus at the far-point of the eye.

The base curve of a lens may affect certain aspects of vision, such as distortion and lene, and wearers may notice perceptual differences between lenses with different base curves. Historically, spectacle lenses fall into either one of two general categories of lens form: Manufacturers make base curve selection charts available that provide the recommended prescription ranges for each base curve in the series. As a result, small changes to the original prescription are required at the distance and near verification points of the lens.


This is in contrast to the astigmatic error produced by oblique astigmatism. We can evaluate the maximum thickness, plate height, and weight for a range of lens forms to demonstrate the effects of lens form upon cosmesis for a given prescription.

Mechanical Factors of Lens Form. Each additional atorric of customization serves to diminish the gap between the unique visual needs of each wearer and the optical design of the lens.

By assessing the need, using a questionnaire, the ideal balance between the distance and near viewing zones of the lens design can be tailored to the individual.

Toric lens – Wikipedia

Consequently, we often refer to the peripheral performance of a spectacle lens as its off-axis or off-center performance. Certain lens forms will produce more oblique astigmatism than others.

Some manufacturers may choose to eliminate oblique astigmatism completely, some may choose to eliminate power completely, and others may choose to eliminate or minimize a combination of the two aberrations.