Elephant bird (†Aepyornis maximus Hilaire, ). Class: Aves. Clade: Novaeratitae. Order: †Aepyornithiformes. Family: †Aepyornithidae. Time period: They. The eggs of the Aepyornis, also known as the elephant bird, were a highly The remains of Aepyornis maximus, a species of elephant bird that. Brief summary. No one has contributed a brief summary to this page yet. Explore what EOL knows about Aepyornis maximus. Add a brief summary to this page.

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Funding by NSF Comments. Carbon dating suggests that the longest-surviving elephant bird species, A. Two such groups were the elephant birds of Madagascar and the moas of New Zealand, the largest in each group approaching 3 metres 10 feet in height.

The elephant bird: Madagascar’s extinct giant birds are considered the largest to have ever lived

Aepyornis maximus skeleton and egg. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. Journal maxijus Morphology Patterns of evolution and variation in the Tapiroidea Mammalia: Geological Society of America.

The exact time period when they died out is also not certain; tales of these giant birds may have persisted for centuries in folk memory. Aepyornisalso called elephant birdextinct genus of giant flightless birds found as fossils in Pleistocene and post-Pleistocene deposits on the island of Madagascar. In the French Academy of Sciences received three eggs and some bone fragments. The birds were probably slow-moving inhabitants of forests.


Aepyornithid endocasts have shown that these mximus had poor eyesight and large olfactory bulbs, much like living kiwis. Click on the thumbnail to the left for a roll animation 3. Evolution of the Cretaceous Ocean Climate System. The second dataset consists of the entire egg scanned along its long axis from the base to the apex of the eggshell for a total of slices see ‘Additional Imagery’ page for this animation.

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The elephant bird: Madagascar’s extinct giant birds are considered the largest to have ever lived

An estimated weight of the largest known bird. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology. One of the largest intact specimens is 89 cm 35 inches in circumference around its long axis and probably had a capacity of about nine litres more than two gallons. Retrieved 26 September Annales des Sciences Naturelles: Accessed December 31, at http: The Ampatres are today known as the Androy region of southern Madagascar. Occasionally the subfossilized eggs are found intact.

National Geographic Magazine The Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoologywith one of the world’s largest collections of avian eggs, has seven Aepyornis egg specimens. Two scans were made of this specimen on 4 October Searching deeper in the collections, she found a replica of the elephant bird egg that was obviously the model in question.

Humans Reached the Roof of the World 40, Years. Australian Property Law 6: Aepyornis may have given rise to the Arabic legend of the roc, a gigantic bird. The ancient Malagasy name for the bird is vorompatrameaning “bird of the Ampatres”. Gegenbaurs Morphologisches Jahrbuch aepyornix There were several species of this massive creature.


But that does not say anything about whether the natives took so many Aepyornis eggs that the species died out. The lacrimal-ectethmoid complex in birds: Observation of the egg-beds of Aepyornis. The Melbourne Museum has two Aepyornis eggs.

Digimorph – Aepyornis (elephant bird)

There is indeed evidence that they were hunted and their preferred habitats destroyed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Aepyornis maximusElephant Bird Dr. Like the cassowaryostrichrheaemu and kiwiAepyornis was a ratite ; it could not fly, and its breast bone had no keel. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of Maximys, B, The remains of Aepyornis are abundant.

Aepyornithidae and a new identity for the world’s largest bird”. Because Madagascar and Africa separated before the mzximus lineage arose, [25] Aepyornis has been thought to have dispersed and become flightless and gigantic in situ.

Though Aepyornis occurred relatively late in the geologic record, it was a primitive member of the ratites, an evolutionary lineage that includes the ostrichrheaand emu.