Readers should also study the page data sheet that covers the devices,. Microchip code DSA (see later). The following EPE subject material is. Note: The datasheet of PIC16FA Microcontroller and more detailed Features can be found at the bottom of this page. (Consult Sections of the 16F87x Data Sheet and of the Midrange Reference Manual for more detail.) Inside the 16F87x’s PWM module, the period is.

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This memory is not directly mapped datasheef the register file space. The stack space is not a part of either program or data space and the stack pointers are not readable or writable.

The final W is echoed as W when the programming is succesfull. For an overly-clever compiler you can try to let the application start with three NOPs.

The loader detects this and will immediately activate the application. It might be necessarry to copy the p16f The banked arrangement is necessary because there are only 7 bits are available in the instruction word for the addressing of a register, which gives only addresses. This resistor determines the level on the line when either the rest of the circuit or the PC is not connected, so in that case the application is started automatically when the PIC is reset.

V Version The version number 4 hex digits is copied to the communication buffer. For data and configuration the higher 8 bits are set to 0. This ‘el-cheapo’ version catasheet the WLoader hardware uses a few resistors and a zener diode as RS interface. The current memory location 4 hexadecimal digits is read and coped the content to the communication buffer. The wisp tool will notice that it communicates with the WLoader firmware, so it sets the default target to 16f Note that you must use the correct version because the two version use different polarity of the RS signal.

According to the type of the microcontroller, these banks may vary. I Increment The current memory location pointer is incremented. HVP is always available. The block diagram also suggests how the circuits can be divided between the target itself and a download dongle.


Luckily most compilers are not that clever.

WLoader – a 16f877 application loader

The loader interface hardware can be part of the final circuit, and the loader interface pin can be shared with its operational function, but some attention must paid to its use: The memory of a PIC 16F chip is divided into 3 sections. For program memory the higer two bits are set to 0.

When the optional remote reset circuit is implemented the DTR line can be made high to reset the target. You may also like: The hex value abcd is written to the current memory location.

I did this using my own HVP 16×84 programmer Wisp. WLoader is designed for and tested with the 16f only, but it should be useable with other 16f87x chips when some modifications are made: Except for the crystal which must be 20 MHz and the reset see below you can vary this part of the target circuit to suit your needs, or use what you already have in your design.

When the target circuit must be kept as simple as possible the real or el-cheapo RS interface, and the remote reset circuit can be put in a download dongle.

PIC16FA: Introduction, Pin Diagram, Pin Description, Features & Datasheet

Hence the break condition and the hello commands are not needed, but do no harm. When no PC or download dongle is connected a resistor forces the interface pin to the opposite polarity of what it would be with the PC etc. A problem has been reported with programming the 16f with a HVP 1687x when LVP is enabled in the configuration which it is in 1f687x fresh chip. Note that conform good practice both sets of power pins of the 16F are connected. Don’t ask me for help.

The version number 4 hex digits is copied to the communication 16d87x. The RS interface R2, D1, R7, R3 avoids current through the 16f protection diodes, which is outside Microchip’s operating specs and is rumored to cause all kinds of nasty effects. The user application instructions at these addresses are datashwet at a location within the loader, and are executed before the jump to the rest of the user application program, starting at address 3.


WLoader – a 16f application loader. The figure below shows the program memory map and stack.

There are six SFRs used to read and write this memory:. When the circuit is split between a dongle and the real target R1 must be included in the target so the application will be started on a reset. T Type The type name WLdr is copied to the communication buffer. The hex value abcd is written to the current memory location if and only if the current location differs from abcd.

WLoader – a 16f application loader

This microcontroller also has many advanced features as mentioned in the previous post. The current version R2 is needed when the MAX is a permanent part of the circuit, again to datashee the low level on RE2, in this case when no PC is connected. Two test programs are provided, written in Jal. It will echo as? When a PC is connected the input is low the RS idle level is negative and the loader will wait for instructions from the PC.

A typical program – run sequence would be: When the RS input is negative the zener now acting as diode and the same resistors put a dztasheet on the interface pin that is close to zero.

When the pin assignment shown in the table is used the interface can be used both for HVP programming Wisp programmer and self-programming WLoader.

Self-programming uses a program executed by the 16f itself.

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